Hyderabad: Kidney failure is becoming a major public health problem with an alarming increase in incidence. Current estimates indicate that kidney failure affects 1 in 10 people in the general population. The after effects of kidney failure are so devastating with the gradual deterioration of other systems in the body.
The risk factors that can cause kidney failure are diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, stone disease, family history of kidney disease, smoking, being overweight and over 65 years of age, said Dr. S Krishnan, senior consultant. of Apollo hospitals in Secunderabad. during a conference delivered to the Public Gardens Walkers Association on Sunday.
Some of the key points he developed were:
Kidney disease usually affects the kidneys. If the ability of the kidneys to filter blood is severely damaged by the disease, waste and excess fluid can accumulate in the body. Several forms of kidney disease do not produce symptoms until late in the course of the disease. However, there are six warning signs of kidney disease, which are apart from the risk factors mentioned above.
The signs are blood and / or protein in the urine; a level of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), outside the normal range; a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60, which is a measure of renal function; frequent urination, particularly at night; difficult or painful urination or swelling around the eyes, swelling of hands and feet.
If the patient has any of these symptoms, you need to discuss the problem with your doctor.
The waste generated in the body through the decomposition of muscle tissues and food are excreted by the kidneys. When the kidneys do not work as well as they should, these wastes begin to accumulate in the body and that can be dangerous.
They can also make us feel sick. Therefore, it is important to restrict foods that have high amounts of such substances. Proteins especially high in animal proteins, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and fluids must be regulated. A doctor or dietitian can guide you in this.
Kidney disease can be found through laboratory tests or symptoms. High blood levels of creatinine and urea nitrogen (BUN) or high levels of protein in the urine suggest kidney disease. Diabetics should have an annual urine test for microalbumin, small amounts of protein that do not appear in the standard urine protein test.
One must remember that maintaining a good healthy lifestyle, proper control of all risk factors mentioned, avoiding harmful medications, especially without a prescription, without proper medical advice and diligently following doctor’s advice, can help prevent major problems in the kidneys.