The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013

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This new Act has expressly recognised certain acts as offences which were dealt under related laws. These new offences like, acid attack, sexual harassment, voyeurism, stalking have been incorporated into the Indian Penal Code:

Section Offence Punishment Notes
326A Acid attack Imprisonment not less than ten years but which may extend to imprisonment for life and with fine which shall be just and reasonable to meet the medical expenses and it shall be paid to the victim Gender neutral
326B Attempt to Acid attack Imprisonment not less than five years but which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine Gender neutral
354A Sexual harassment Rigorous imprisonment up to three years, or with fine, or with both in case of offence described in clauses (i), (ii) or (iii)Imprisonment up to one year, or with fine, or with both in other cases Only protects women. Provisions are:

  1. physical contact and advances involving unwelcome and explicit sexual overtures; or
  2. a demand or request for sexual favours; or
  3. making sexually coloured remarks; or
  4. forcibly showing pornography; or
  5. any other unwelcome physical, verbal or non-verbal conduct of sexual nature.
354B Act with intent to disrobe a woman Imprisonment not less than three years but which may extend to seven years and with fine. Only protects women against anyone who “Assaults or uses criminal force to any woman or abets such act with the intention of disrobing or compelling her to be naked.”
354C Voyeurism In case of first conviction, imprisonment not less than one year, but which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine, and be punished on a second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than three years, but which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine. Only protects women. The prohibited action is defines thus: “Watching or capturing a woman in “private act”, which includes an act of watching carried out in a place which, in the circumstances, would reasonably be expected to provide privacy, and where the victim’s genitals, buttocks or breasts are exposed or covered only in underwear; or the victim is using a lavatory; or the person is doing a sexual act that is not of a kind ordinarily done in public.”
354D Stalking Imprisonment not less than one year but which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine Only protects women from being stalked by men. The prohibited action is defined thus: “To follow a woman and contact, or attempt to contact such woman to foster personal interaction repeatedly despite a clear indication of disinterest by such woman; or monitor the use by a woman of the internet, email or any other form of electronic communication. There are exceptions to this section which include such act being in course of preventing or detecting a crime authorised by State or in compliance of certain law or was reasonable and justified.”