THE CONCEPT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
The concept of intellectual property is not new, since it is thought that Renaissance Northern Italy is the framework of the intellectual property system. A Venetian law of 1474 made the first methodical attempt to protect inventions in patent form, which allowed the right to an individual for the first time. The invention of the printing and mobile type by Johannes Gutenberg around the year 1450, helped in the origin of the first copyright system in the world.
In the late nineteenth century, new creative forms of manufacturing helped large-scale industrialization accompanied by the rapid growth of cities, capital investment, the expansion of rail networks and nationalism led many countries to establish their modern laws of Intellectual property. At this time, the international intellectual property system also began to take shape with the creation of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property in 1883 and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works in 1886. The evidence Underlying the Intellectual Property throughout its history has been that the rewards and credits associated with the ownership of inventions and creative works encourage greater creative and inventive activity that motivates economic growth.
The Convention establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (1967) offers the following list of topics protected by intellectual property rights:
trademarks, service marks and trade names and designations;
inventions in all fields of human activity;
protection against unfair competition;
“All other rights resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields”.
literary, artistic and scientific works; scientific discoveries;
performances by performers, phonograms and broadcasts;