India’s growing air pollution problem: Why legal intervention alone is the only way for a solution now


The UK Supreme Court strongly accused the British government last year of failing to curb air pollution in their country.

His concern centered on how air pollution was causing 29,000 early deaths in a year. An NGO called ClientEarth criticized the government for the high levels of nitrogen dioxide produced by road traffic, which attributes a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes and respiratory disorders to the public.

The British Supreme Court has ordered immediate action across the country to curb pollution.

It is shocking that the Supreme Court of India has not shown a similar concern when the Global Burden of Disease study has shown that in India, ambient air pollution is responsible for 3,283 premature deaths each day. This amounts to 2.5 million deaths in a year, killing more people than tuberculosis, AIDS and malaria together.

Our Environmental Pollution Control Authority (EPCA) designated by the Supreme Court has presented an integral action plan but the Ministry of Environment and Forests is busy denying the validity of the studies of Global Load of Diseases and Lancets that establish a direct correlation of air pollution deaths. Environment Ministry officials dismiss the studies on the basis that the Global Air 2017 state put the number of premature deaths from air pollution in India by 2015 at 1.09 million, while the recently published Lancet study ranked the number of deaths in 1.81 million.